Being accused of a crime can be a confusing and frightening situation. After all, one's very future and freedom may be on the line. While it is important to have a criminal defense attorney by your side in such situations, it can also help to have a basic understanding of how the criminal trial process works in California.
Sometimes, when another person threatens your safety or causes you harm, you may have to act to defend yourself, even if this means hurting the aggressor. That being said, a person in Sacramento who does this may be charged with a violent crime, such as assault or battery. However, they may be able to have the charges against them dropped if it can be shown that they acted in self-defense.
One of the pillars of our nation's criminal justice system is that all people must be presumed innocent until proven guilty. Unfortunately, when people accused of crimes are unable to afford bail, they may be kept in county jail a long time before they ever see a resolution to the charges they face.
In general, most states, including California, establish three categories of crimes: infractions, misdemeanors and felonies. It is important to know the differences between these categories, as the way a person's case will be treated in their state's court system depends on which category the alleged crime falls under.
The criminal justice system can be intimidating for individuals who have been accused of a committing a crime. It is important, however, to keep in mind that the criminal justice system provides important protections for accused individuals. One protection is the right to a criminal defense. Preparing an effective criminal defense strategy can include a number of considerations such as if any of the procedures authorities were required to follow for the protection of the accused individual were violated, among other important considerations.
When a person was in an altercation here in California with another, they don’t have to have been accused of having made violent physical contact with the other person to potentially face charges. This is because, under California law, an attempt to inflict physical violence can be a criminal offense, even if no such violence was ultimately inflicted.